English physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (1643–1727), widely regarded as the most influential figure in the history of science, whose ideas and discoveries, including calculus, the laws of gravitation and motion, and observations on the nature of light and optics, earned him a place among the most profound geniuses in the history of mankind. Practically nonexistent manuscript DS, signed “Is. Newton,” one page, 7.25 x 11.5, June 27, 1701. Newton acknowledges receipt of tonnage duty. In part: “Received this 27th J…in part of an order…two thousand four hundred twenty five pounds eleven shillings & one penny out of tonnage duty.” Signed at the conclusion by Newton and countersigned by two others. Beautifully cloth matted and framed by Kenneth R. Laurence Galleries with an engraved portrait, small medallion bearing a raised relief bust of Newton, and an informational plaque, to an overall size of 24.25 x 20. Intersecting folds, one through a single letter of signature, some scattered light toning and soiling, and slight mirroring of text and signatures from folding, otherwise fine condition.
On the recommendation of his friend Charles Montagu, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Newton was appointed Warden of the Mint in 1696. The following year he undertook the office of Master of the Mint, a position that he would hold for the last 30 years of his life. Newton made the position a high priority, and though he continued to write and publish scientific works, he retired from his Cambridge duties in 1701 to focus on the position. As Master, he reformed the currency and punished counterfeiters to his fullest extent. One of only a handful of signed Newton items we’ve had in over 30 years of business.